Coronary Angioplasty /PTCA / PCI
A Coronary Angioplasty also known as PTCA or PCI, is an interventional procedure performed to widen narrowed or blocked arteries that supply blood to the heart.
The term angioplasty means using a balloon to wide open a narrowed or blocked artery. In the latest coronary angioplasty procedures, a stent is used, which is a small wire mesh tube, to insert into the artery. The stent is placed permanently to allow blood to flow more freely and to prevent the re-closure of recoil of blood vessel. Another term for Coronary angioplasty is Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI).
Coronary Angioplasty procedure can improve symptoms of arterial blockage, such as shortness of breath and chest pain. Coronary angioplasty is also recommended during a heart attack to quickly open blocked arteries and reduce the amount of damage to the heart.
It is a common procedure, also used to treat atherosclerosis (a collection of plaque made of fat and cholesterol) in the arteries at various body areas.
Advantages of Angioplasty includes
How is Angioplasty done?
Coronary Angioplasty is carried out through blood vessels in the wrist, or groin. Our cardiologist will
The doctor will then direct the balloon inside the block and inflate it to push the plaque flat into the artery wall. This widens the artery more and improves the flow of blood. Doctors may sometimes insert a stent, a small mesh tube into the bloodstream to keep it open. In recent procedures, drug coated stents are used to help prevent blood clots from forming in a stent that prevent further narrowing inside it in future.
Recovery and Recuperation
It is observed in hospital for a day or two after successful angioplasty. If everything is fine, patient is generally discharged after that. Most patients recover and return to their day to day activity in about one week after being sent home. During the follow-up visit, our cardiologist will examine you, make changes to your medicines if needed, do any necessary tests and check your overall recovery. The patients may ask questions about activities, medicines or lifestyle changes, and talk about any other concerning issues.